A major grievance of English colonists was encroachment of admiralty jurisdiction upon colonial soil. Such jurisdiction was used to collect taxes that colonial juries would not allow. With independence, the new nation, by the Constitution, limited admiralty jurisdiction to the “high seas” and acts of war. It was the only jurisdiction by which the federal government could assess and collect coercive taxes. This meant that the federal government had no authority by which to collect such taxes within the states. See, Invasion of the Admiral, 3rd edition, the Law of the King’s Afterbirth (see due-diligence link below; do same for other references).
And so it remained until the Fratricidal War of 1861.
To finance this war, Congress assessed and seized several kinds of taxes within the states that had never been enacted before – and none conformed to existing constitutional restrictions. Those who voted such taxes knew they had no authority to do so; they just “wanted” to seize property within the States. To make such taxes constitutional would have required an Amendment V amendment process; which never happened.
This means that (please read more)